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Nootropics 101

Nootropics are everywhere at the moment but they can be hard to navigate. This simple guide tells you everything you need to know.. and leaves out what you don't.



In today’s fast paced world, you may feel like you need an extra boost to keep up or maybe the opposite, you feel you need something to help you wind down after a stressful day. If you’re looking to enhance your cognitive abilities and improve mental performance, nootropics may be just the thing for you. Available in powders, capsules, coffee and even matcha this fascinating compound is growing in popularity as it is claimed to boost brain function, enhance memory, focus, creativity, and overall cognitive performance... it’s no wonder they are the talk of the now! Like with all popular wellness buzzes there is a tonne of information out there, so read on for a simple 101 of what you need to know before you consider taking Nootropics.




Part 1: What are Nootropics?

If you’re anything like me, you want to know what things actually are and where they come from before decide whether to put them in your body or not. Nootropics are substances believed to enhance cognitive function, promote mental performance and support mental health issues such as anxiety and stress. The term ‘nootropics’ came from a Romanian Dr in the 1970s, who decided to officially be a nootropic it must:

1) Improve cognitive abilities and learning capacity

2) Protect the brain from physical and chemical injuries

3) Enhance brains resistance to stress

4) Exhibit few or no side effects and be non-toxic

Part 2: How do they work?

Nootropics have various ways of working depending on the specific compound involved, there are several common pathways through which these compounds exert their cognitive-enhancing effects. Many nootropics target the neurotransmitter system in the brain, affecting chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin, which you have probably heard of as they play a role in our mood and mental health. Nootropics can enhance synaptic plasticity, which is the ability of synapses to strengthen or weaken over time along with neural communication and overall brain function which can influence cognition, mood, and memory by adjusting neurotransmitter levels. Other nootropics enhance cerebral blood flow, which means better oxygen and nutrients are delivered to the brain. Whilst others can protect brain cells from oxidative stress and inflammation by acting as a vasodilator in the small arteries and veins in the brain.

Part 3: Types of Nootropics


There are various forms of Nootropics with different benefits and properties. It is important to understand what you want to achieve from taking Nootropics so you can choose the right type, as some may help you down regulate whilst others are known t


o have more stimulating effects, something you don't want to mix up! The three main categories are; natural, synthetic and prescription.


· Natural Nootropics are compounds derived from natural sources fungi, herbs and plants, such as Lion’s Mane mushroom , Ginkgo bibola and Bacopa monnieri.


· Synthetic Nootropics are compounds developed in labs which are designed to mimic or enhance the effects of natural substances such as Piracetam or Aniracetam.

· Prescription Nootropics – these needs a prescription and are sometimes known as pharmaceutical nootropics or ‘smart drugs’. Examples are; Modafinil and Adderall.


Part 4: What are the benefits?

Nootropics offer a range of potential benefits that can positively impact cognitive function and overall mental performance, the common benefits are:

1) Improved focus and concentration: One of the primary benefits of certain nootropics is their ability to enhance focus and concentration. They can help reduce distractions, improve attention span, promote mental clarity, allow you to stay engaged and productive in tasks that require concertation.

2) Enhanced memory and learning abilities: Nootropics have been studied for their potential to improve memory formation and retrieval. Some compounds can enhance synaptic plasticity, leading to improved learning abilities and better retention of information. This can be particularly useful for students, professionals and individuals looking to enhance their cognitive performance.

3) Increased creativity and cognitive flexibility: Certain nootropics are known to boost creativity and enhance cognitive flexibility. This can be enhancing divergent thinking which is the ability to generate new ideas and the capacity to approach problems from different perspectives. This can be valuable for individuals in creative fields or those wanting to seek innovation.

4) Heightened motivation and drive: Some nootropics have been found to enhance motivation, ambition, and drive. By influencing neurotransmitters involved in motivation and reward pathways, these compounds can help increase productivity, goal-oriented behaviours, and the willingness to take risks.

5) Reduce mental fatigue and enhance energy: Nootropics can help combat mental fatigue and promote sustained mental energy. They may optimise brain metabolism, improve cerebral blood flow and enhance cellular energy production leading to increase mental stamina, alertness and reduced feelings of exhaustion.

6) Improved mood and stress resilience: Many individual experience mood-enhancing effects from certain nootropics. They can hep regulate neurotransmitters associate with mood and stress responses leading to a more positive and balanced emotional state. By reducing stress and anxiety, nootropics can support overall well-being.

7) Cognitive support in ageing and neurodegenerative conditions: Some nootropic may support cognitive health and potentially mitigating age-related cognitive decline. They may promote neuroprotection, reduce oxidative stress and enhance brain plasticity. Although not a cure, they can be part of a holistic approach to maintaining brain health.


Sounds pretty amazing right?! It is important to note that the effects vary between individuals depending on various factors.



Part 5: Things to consider before taking Nootropics

After reading that, you may be ready to start taking Nootropics but before you do it’s important to understand the potential interactions with other medications or supplements you may be taking and that the effects differ with individuals therefore it’s important to set realistic expectations.

1) Consult with a healthcare professional – like with any new supplements, you may want to speak to your healthcare professional before starting Nootropics. They can provide personal advice based on any health conditions or medication specific to you.

2) Understand potential interactions – Nootropics can interact with certain medications and supplements as well as have differing effects depending on health conditions.

3) Set realistic expectations – Nootropics can enhance cognitive function and performance but remember they are not magic!

4) Choose reputable sources – especially when buying online, start with well researched Nootropics such as caffeine and L-theanine which are often used together for their cognitive benefits.


By considering these factors, you can make informed decisions about incorporating nootropics into your routine. Remember, the key is to prioritise your safety, be aware of potential interactions or sensitivities, and seek professional guidance when needed. Responsible usage and informed decision-making are essential for a positive and beneficial experience with nootropics.



Part 6: Potential side effects of Nootropics

Like with all medications or supplements it’s important to be aware of any potential side effects. Individual responses can vary depending on things like dosage, interactions and personal physiology. Some potential side effects may be:

1) Headaches – these are the most commonly reported side effects which may be due to the increased cerebral flow, changes in neurotransmitter levels or individual sensitivities.

2) Gastrointestinal issues – such as nausea or stomach discomfort although these are usually mild

3) Sleep disturbances – certain stimulating nootropics can interfere with sleep so be mindful of the time of day you may take theses

4) Blood pressure and heart rate changes – certain stimulant-based nootropics have the potential to increase blood pressure and heart rate


It's important to read and understand the potential side effects before taking Nootropics. Start with low doses and see how you feel, it is best to gradually increase over time.


Nootropics hold an exciting future as they are continuously evolving with ongoing research exploring new compounds and their potential benefits for cognitive enhancement.


More and more people are on a quest to unlock their cognitive potential and nootropics provide a fascinating avenue for exploration. So tell me, after reading this are you going to give them a try?

Comment below if/what you are going to explore first 👇





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